John Heaton (jheaton) wrote,
John Heaton
jheaton

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Ten random things: October 4

Ten winners of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine:

  1. Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, "for discovery [with co-Nobel laureate Peter Brian Medawar] of acquired immunological tolerance" (1960)
  2. Georg von Békésy, "for his discoveries of the physical mechanism of stimulation within the cochlea" (1961)
  3. Philip Showalter Hench, for "for discoveries [with co-Nobel laureates Edward Calvin Kendall and Tadeusz Reichstein] relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects" (1950)
  4. Roger Guillemin, "for discoveries [with co-Nobel laureate Andrew V. Schally] concerning the peptide hormone production of the brain" (1977)
  5. Robert Koch, "for his investigations and discoveries in relation to tuberculosis" (1905)
  6. Hans Adolf Krebs, "for his discovery of the citric acid cycle" (1953)
  7. Peyton Rous, "for his discovery of tumour-inducing viruses" (1966)
  8. Alfred G. Gilman, "for discovery [with co-Nobel laureate Martin Rodbell] of G-proteins and the role of these proteins in signal transduction in cells" (1994)
  9. Sir Charles Scott Sherrington, "for discoveries [with co-Nobel laureate Edgar Douglas Adrian] regarding the functions of neurons" (1932)
  10. Roger W. Sperry, "for his discoveries concerning the functional specialization of the cerebral hemispheres" (1981)

The Nobel Foundation announced today that the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine will be awarded to Robert G. Edwards, the British doctor who, along with the late Patrick Steptoe, developed in vitro fertilization. I remember what a huge deal it was when Louise Brown, the first "test tube baby," was born back in 1978. Considering how successful the procedure has been, it's kind of baffling that the Nobel Foundation waited so long before awarding him the prize. (By way of comparison, Stanley Prusiner's Nobel for the discovery of prions came a mere 15 years after the discovery, though perhaps that one was just unusually fast.) Maybe because there are still a number of ethical issues surrounding IVF? Beats me.

Incidentally, this is the first time since 1999 that the award has gone to a single recipient. The last one was Günter Blobel, "for the discovery that proteins have intrinsic signals that govern their transport and localization in the cell." Keep that in mind and you'll be sure to wow your friends the next time the conversation turns to winners of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Tags: lists of ten things, science
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