Ten morganatic marriages:
- Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and Countess Sophie Chotek von Chotkowa
- Grand Duke Michael Mihailovich of Russia and Countess Sophia of Merenberg
- Charles Frederick, the future 1st Grand Duke of Baden and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, and Louise Caroline Geyer von Geyersberg, a lady-in-waiting
- Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia and Olga Valerianovna Karnovich, a commoner
- Ludwig Wilhelm, Duke in Bavaria and Henriette Mendel, an actress.
- Duke and Prince Alexander of Württemberg and Claudine Rhedey.
- Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia and twice-divorced noblewoman Natalya Sergeyevna Wulfert
- Fernando II of Portugal and Elisa Hendler, an opera singer
- King Louis I of Bavaria and Lola Montez, an actress and dancer
- Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine and Countess Julia von Hauke
A morganatic marriage is a type of marriage, usually between persons of unequal social rank, which prevents the passage of the husband's titles and privileges to the wife (or, in rare cases, the wife's to the husband) and any children born of the marriage. I learned about morganatic marriages only this morning, when I ran across the term in a Harry Potter fanfic and looked it up in Wikipedia. Who says that reading fanfic isn't a productive way to spend one's time? Well, me, for one, but that's not to say it's an activity that's wholly without merit.
An interesting fact about no. 6: The descendants of Alexander of Württemberg were not eligible to inherit his titles and privileges, but things worked out okay for the family in the end. Alexander's son, Francis, Duke of Teck, was not seen as a popular choice as husband by the princesses of Europe (because he couldn't inherit his father's titles), and he ended up marrying Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, who was in her thirties and was known as Fat Mary. Francis and Mary's oldest daughter, Mary of Teck, later married Prince George, Duke of York, who in 1910 was crowned King George V. Personally, I think exchanging the Kingdom of Württemberg, which no longer exists, for the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland was a pretty good trade, but I'm just a commoner, so what the hell do I know?